Centro de Pesquisas sobre Governação e Desenvolvimento | Centre for Research on Governance and Development

Mozambican Legislative Development: Observation from an Institutionalization Perspective

Working Papers
Carlos Shenga


Mozambique has moved from a transitional phase of democracy, however the study of the Mozambican institutional arrangements that contribute to democratic consolidation has not yet been a popular topic of comparative politics.

This paper compares three Mozambican democratic legislatures by focusing on legislative institutionalization. Based on a 15-year period of original data from three Mozambican democratic legislatures, entailing all 750 legislators, this study finds in three measures of legislative institutionalization, the Mozambican Assembly tends to be relatively institutionalized in two of them.

In the first measure of organizational differentiation, this study reveals that the Assembly tends not to be institutionalized, that is, membership tends to be unstable and turnover frequent. However, in the second measure, the Assembly tends to be moving toward greater institutionalization. Leaders tend to be selected from within the organization and have substantial tenure in office. Thirdly, this study finds that the procedure for distribution of positions of power tends to be based on a legislator’s political capital, in particular their level of formal education and substantial tenure in office (i.e. seniority).