Centro de Pesquisas sobre Governação e Desenvolvimento | Centre for Research on Governance and Development

Press Release - Appointing Members to the National Electoral Commission

The Afrobarometer is a comparative series of public attitude surveys, covering up to 35 African countries in Round 5 (2011-2013). It measures public attitudes on democracy and its alternatives, evaluations of the quality of governance and economic performance. In addition, the survey assesses the views of the electorate on critical political issues in the surveyed countries. The Afrobarometer also provides comparisons over time, as four rounds of surveys have been held from 1999 to 2008 and Round 5 is currently underway.

Afrobarometer’s work in Mozambique is coordinated by the Centre for Research on Governance and Development. Fieldwork for Round 5 was conducted in Mozambique from 17 November to 9 December 2012. The survey interviewed 2400 adult Mozambicans, and a sample of this size yields results with a margin of error of +/-2% at a 95% confidence level.

Findings

The November-December 2012 Afrobarometer survey reveals that most Mozambicans wantcivil society organizations to participate in the naming of members to the National Electoral Commission. Nevertheless, they also support, to a certain extent, that political parties with parliamentary representation participate in this process followed to a lesser extent by all political parties in the country, the governing party and the president. 

The majority (60 percent) of Mozambicans expressed that civil society organizations should participate in appointing members to the National Electoral Commission. About half (54 percent) opinionate that parliamentary political parties should also be involved and below half say the same with respect to all political parties (46 percent), the ruling party (42 percent) and the president (37 percent).

Comparing rural-urban residential locations and gender on supporting civil society in naming electoral commission members, males (64 percent) and urban dwellers (67 percent) are more likely to opinionate that civil society organizations should be involved in naming members of the National Electoral Commission than females (56 percent) and rural residents (56 percent).

By comparing provinces, the findings show that Mozambicans who live in more rural provinces (Niassa, Tete and Cabo Delgado) are less likely to support civil society in naming members to electoral institution than those living in more urban provinces. Exceptions apply, however, to Inhambane and Gaza, for instance, which are more rural but are more supportive to civil society in this process. These exceptions suggest that there are other factors affecting the support for  civil society in naming members of electoral institution. These factors need to be discussed and taken into consideration in further investigation.   

Dissemination & Press Briefings

This and other findings will be presented and discussed on 26 June 2013 at the VIP Hotel, Maputo from 09:30 to 12:00.  This is the first dissemination session of the survey results of the 2012 Afrobarometer Public Opinion Survey on the Quality of Democracy and Governance in Mozambique which will focus on 'Country Specific Issues.